In an essay entitled “Putting Cruelty First,” from her book Ordinary Vices, the philosopher Judith Shklar asks what the consequences are for moral action if we take cruelty, as Montaigne does in his essay on cruelty, as the worst of all vices.
Campbell, Mary Baine. “Artificial Men: Alchemy, Transubstantiation, and the Homunculus.” Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts 1, no. 2 (April 3, 2010): http://rofl.stanford.edu/node/61.
Therefore the Philosophers have created a Phenix, and Salamander. For if it were done by the conception of two bodies, it would be a thing subject to death; but because it revives it self alone, the former body being destroyed, it riseth up another body incorruptible.
—Sandivogius, A New Light of Alchymie (trans. 1650)
Alduy, Cécile and Roland Greene. “Between Experience and Experiment: Five Articles at an Early Modern Crossroads.” Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts 1, no. 2 (April 3, 2010): http://rofl.stanford.edu/node/62.
When in Petrarch’s first sonnet he announces that “ove sia chi per prova intenda amore, / spero trovar pietà, nonché perdono” (where they may be who understand love by proof / I hope to find pity, not only pardon), he opens not only a sequence of poems, his Rime sparse or Canzoniere, but a new episode in the mutual entanglement of two concepts